Not very long ago, the Ocean used to be a richer and healthier place, where life was abundant and environments resilient. Human development to modern society has pressured nature to its limits and the consequences will be carried through generations. Single-use products have become a day to day habit and plastic is embedded in every minute of our lives, including before birth. Now, as we envision new goals for the Decade, including a Clean Ocean, the truth about plastic must be faced as a real complex problem affecting marine environments and human health.
The scientists compiled statistical data on the generation of resins, fibers and additives from various industry sources, which were synthesized according to type and consumption. The results of the analysis showed an alarming scenario. Annual plastic production rose from 2 million metric tons in 1950 to 400 million metric tons in 2015. Most plastics have been produced in the last 13 years.
Plastic is not inherently harmful. It is a man-made invention that has generated significant benefits for society. Unfortunately, the way industries and governments have handled plastic and the way in which society has turned it into a single-use disposable convenience has turned this innovation into a global environmental disaster.
Approximately half of all plastic products polluting the world today were created after 2000. This problem is only a few decades old and yet 75% of all the plastic already produced has been discarded."